The Hebridean ‘slaves’ offered for £3 a head

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The Hebridean ‘slaves’ offered for £3 a head

Postby bimjim » Fri Apr 21, 2017 2:52 pm

http://www.scotsman.com/news/the-hebrid ... -1-4249996

The Hebridean ‘slaves’ offered for £3 a head
Wednesday 05 October, 2016

They were kidnapped from their beds and bundled on a boat in the dark of night - and offered for sale for £3 a head. A total of 96 men, women and children - about 20 of them between six and ten years old- were the human cargo of the ship William in 1739, the vessel to take them on the first leg of their journey to the colonies of America.

But this boat was not to depart from the slave ports of West Africa - but instead from the Isle of Skye after a plot was hatched by Sir Norman Macleod of Berneray to “violently” remove people from their homes. The boat shipwrecked off Donaghadee, County Down, after a storm pushed the William onto the rocks with those on board rounded up by the authorities.

The episode was to become known as Soitheach na Daoine, or Ship of the People, as Ulster magistrates became aware of the plight of the islanders - and the plot to send them across the Atlantic.

A letter written just days after the shipwreck sheds light on the plan executed by Macleod, son of Donald Macleod of Berneray, and William Davison, the ship’s master. Luke St Lawrence of Donaghadee describes the role of Macleod to Alex Cunnigham, the Scots collector at Port Patrick, It said: “He was to pay five pounds for each of their freight to America as he and Davison said but he offered them to sale here for three pounds each.

He added: “I am sorry your country is so hard set for money that they are fallen on the Guinea trade.” The term ‘Guinea trade’ was used in the past to reference the slave trade. However, Dr David Alston, an expert in the links between the Highlands and the slave trade, said those on board the William would be sold into indentured labour as opposed to slavery.

Several landowners of Skye have been long been implicated in the dark episode of the Ship of the People. Key characters, including Sir Alexander MacDonald, 9th Baronet of Sleat, long denied their role in the plot to forcibly move innocent islanders, some from Harris, under the pretence they were a “parcel of convicts for transportation.”

However, the true nature of the William’s voyage soon became apparent to those in Ulster. In St Lawrence’s letter, he details how Macleod “let them into the secret” that he had the consent of all the lairds of Skye “to take them away as many men, women and children as he could provide shipping for and carry them to America or we suppose where else he pleased,” Macleod possessed a list of those he claimed had been “convicted at their courts”.

But St Lawrence said passengers had been “taken out of their beds or from about their labour, not one person in confinement or even tried before any court of judicature.” It was impossible that the children on board could be found guilty of capital crimes, he added. The letter continues that it was “all agreed” that those on board were “forced out of their country contrary to the law of all Christian nations.”

After the plot was exposed, Macleod and Davison made their escape with warrants issued against them by the local judiciary. Macleod later fled to the Netherlands.

The islanders scattered after being freed by magistrates with around 40 of the islanders settled close to Donaghadee. Some eventually managed to make the journey back to Skye.

Following news of the shipwreck, MacDonald set to work to deny his role in the Williams’ voyage. A series of letters, all held by the Cland Donald archive on Skye, shows how he had been involved in shipping around 70 thieves from Skye in previous years. But he claims Macleod had falsified his role in the William affair.

In letters to a John MacKezie, dated 1739, he defends himself from having any concern in “that villainous attempt.” He added: “Macleod and I are mention’d in letters sent to Ireland as the persons who were to furnish the unhappy cargo of that ship. “I can scarce believe Berneray was capable of writing so.” A further letter adds “I never was so angry at myself as about this matter and I must regret my folly as long as I have my sences. (sic).

Dr Alston described the William’s voyage as a “disturbing” episode of exploitation of vulnerable people. He added: “Even as early as this, it shows how landowners could treat their tenants. It blows out the water romantic notion about the clan chief and his people.”
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